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Bettas And African Dwarf Frogs (Complete Guide) - Betta Care Fish Guide
Laura Goldman hat diese Petition an Dr. Jetzt die Petition teilen! Petition geschlossen. Auf Facebook teilen. Auf Facebook geteilt. Facebook-Nachricht senden. Link kopieren Kopiert Link zum Teilen kopiert. In this article you will learn everything you need to know to successfully care for African Dwarf Frogs. African Dwarf Frogs belong to the family Pipidae , in the genus Hymenochirus.
In total there are 4 species which have the common name African Dwarf Frog: Hymenochirus boettgeri , Hymenochirus boulengeri , Hymenochirus curtipes and Hymenochirus feae. They are all small, fully aquatic amphibians that reach a maximum size of 3 inches and only weigh a few ounces each. It is very common for them to be mistaken for the African Clawed Frog. They look very similar, but the Clawed Frog is bigger and more aggressive. African Dwarf Frogs are very entertaining additions to your tank.
Frog Dropsy and Bloat
They are nocturnal animals so will be most active when the sun goes down. As a fully aquatic frog, they will spend most of their time in the water swimming, occasionally rising to the surface to breathe. These frogs cannot spend a lot of time out of the water because they will dehydrate and die after only minutes. They will swim very fast to the surface for air, and then dart straight back down a second later. You might witness your frogs floating at the surface of the water without moving, with their arms and legs stretched out.
This is completely normal, even though they sometimes look dead! You might also hear them singing.
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An adult male attracts a female by making a quiet buzzing sound. African Dwarf Frogs are olive, to brownish green frogs.
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Even though they all tend to vary in color, they all have distinctive black spots on their bodies. These frogs are small amphibians, growing no more than 3 inches and weighing only few ounces each. Frogs in the Pipidae family have common characteristics, such as no tongues and no teeth. This means that they have webbed feet, which are used to help them move around, but also to literally feed themselves. They also have a buccal cavity which can draw in water, which lets them eat by sucking water into their mouth. These frogs lack ears, so how are they aware of their surroundings?
They have special sensory lateral lines along their body which sense movement and vibrations.
Males and females show slight differences. Females are generally a bit bigger with a more distinct genital region, known as the ovipositor. Males on the other hand, have a small visible gland behind each front leg. The exact function of this gland is still not well understood, however the common belief is that it has something to do with mating.
They are found in tropical forests, within the freshwaters of Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, all the way to the Congo River Basin. Here the environment is rather humid and warm. Light is really important; they are nocturnal animals and are used to a hour cycle of light and darkness. As with all the fish, it is best to set up the tank, and create the right environment before purchasing the frog. As already mentioned, light is quite important. These frogs are used to regular periods of light and dark, so set up your lights on a timer to ensure the lights are on a hour cycle.
These are the idea water parameters for your tank:. For substrate you can use either sand or gravel. If you are purchasing gravel, make sure that the grains are large enough for the frog to not swallow them. Even though frogs breathe normal air, you might want to consider buying an air pump or air stone to keep the water quality optimal, and bad anaerobic bacteria away from your tank. However, they are quite sensitive to noise and vibrations so if you include a pump, you can isolate it from the tank glass to avoid this problem. For these reasons you might also want to consider adding a layer of insulation, such as Styrofoam or a piece of carpet, between the tank and the stand.
These Frogs also appreciate live plant. You can either put floating plants in, such as Hornwort or other rooted plants such as Java Fern. If you choose rooted plants, make sure you cover the roots of the plants as your frog might dig them out. Finally, you will need to add plenty of hiding spaces around the tank, these animals are naturally preyed upon so they will feel safer with places to hide away.
You can create hiding spaces using plants, rocks and pieces of driftwood. Most people start with a 10 gallon tank, which is big enough to host a small community of frogs. You can also use a 20 gallon tank but, make sure the water is not too deep so your frogs can easily swim up for air. They are perfect for communal tropical freshwater tanks. Also, if you are looking for other companions, the Cherry, Ghost and the Bamboo shrimp, along with species of snails , can be a good addition too.
Large aggressive fish such as Cichlids are to be avoided. They will stress the frogs out and likely prey on them. The answer is yes, you can keep these two together with caution. It really comes down to the individual temperament of your Betta.
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Some Bettas are really aggressive whereas others will not bother a frog. If the Betta is aggressive, it could bully your frog and eventually kill it, so if you decide to add both to a tank, watch them carefully to make sure they are compatible. These frogs are best kept in a small community. They are quite social and best kept in small groups of at least 2 or 3 per tank.